Course Contents:

Introduction to Computer and Window XP/7; MS Office 2007 (Word, Excel, PowerPoint); Internet access and

different data bases available on the internet; Email.

Course Contents:

Historical Perspective: Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama

Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Factors leading to Muslim separatism, People and

Land, Indus Civilization, Muslim advent, Location and Geo-Physical features. Government and Politics in

Pakistan, Political and constitutional phases:1947-58,1958-71,1971-77,1977-88,1988-99,1999 onward

Contemporary Pakistan: Economic institutions and issues, Society and social structure, Ethnicity, Foreign

policy of Pakistan and challenges, Futuristic outlook of Pakistan

Course Contents: Vocabulary Building Skills: Antonyms, Synonyms, Homonyms, One word Substitute, Prefixes and suffixes, Idioms and phrasal verbs, Logical connectors, Check spellings, Practical Grammar & Writing Skill: Parts of Speech, Tenses, Paragraph writing: Practice in writing a good, unified and coherent paragraph, Précis writing and comprehension, Translation skills: Urdu to English, Reading skills: Skimming and scanning, intensive and extensive, and speed reading, summary and comprehension Paragraphs, Presentation skills: Developing, Oral Presentation skill, Personality development (emphasis on content, style and pronunciation)

Course contents:

Biochemical composition and functions of the cell membrane; Chemistry of signals and receptors; Structure and

function of Carbohydrates, Proteins and lipids; biochemical functions of vitamins; biochemical function of

Sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, iodine and fluoride; Composition and

function of saliva, gastric juice, gastric acid(HCL), pancreatic juice, bile and intestinal secretion; Digestion

and absorption of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins and minerals; Body buffers and their mechanism of

action; Acid base regulation in human body; Biochemical mechanisms for control of water and electrolyte

balance; Mechanism of action of hormones.

Course contents:

Functional organization of human body, Mechanism of Homeostasis, Cell structure and its function, function

of different Tissue, Functions of the skin, , Types and function of muscle, Neuromuscular junction, functions

of the endocrine glands, Breathing Mechanism, Exchange of respiratory Gaseous, Transport of respiratory

gases, Function of different part of Digestive system, Function of liver and pancreas, Digestion and Absorption

in Gastrointestinal tract, Patho-Physiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders, Formation of Urine by the Kidney,

Glomerular filtration, Renal and associated mechanism for controlling ECF, Regulation of Acid-Base Balance,

Male Reproductive System ( Male ), Prostate gland, Spermatogenesis, Female Reproductive System, Menstrual

Cycle and Pregnancy and parturition, Mammary Glands and Lactation and Fertility Control

Course contents: Musculo skeletal system(Axial and Appendicular),Axial Skeleton, Different bones of human

body, Axial and Appendicular Skeleton, Classification on the basis of development, region and function,

General concept of ossification of bones, parts young bone, Blood supply of long bones. Joints Structural

Regional and functional classification of joints,Characteristics of synovial joints, Classification of synovial

joints, Movements of synovial joints. Muscular System Parts of muscle Classification of muscles (skeletal,

Cardiac, smooth) Thoracic wall: Muscles of thorax, Surface Anatomy, Trachea, lungs, pleura, mammary glands

(breast), Heart and thoracic vessels. Thoracic cavity: Mediastinum, Lungs, bronchi, blood supply and lymphatic

Abdominal wall: Skin, nerve and blood supply, Muscles of anterior abdominal wall. Abdominal cavity: General

Arrangement of the Abdominal Viscera, Peritoneum, Omenta, mesenteries, Stomach, blood, nerve, lymphatic

supply, Small intestine, blood, nervous and lymphatic supply, Large intestine: blood nerve and lymphatic

supply. The pelvic wall: Anterior, posterior wall, diaphragm. Pelvic cavity: Ureters, urinary bladder Male

genital organs, Female genital organs, Muscles of pelvic region, blood supply, nerve supply, Special Senses.